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Cougars Deutsch Navigationsmenü VideoPuma takes on Guanaco 3 Times Her Weight - Seven Worlds, One Planet - BBC Earth
Doppelte der Einzahlungssumme zum Einzahlungsbetrag Cougars Deutsch. - Beispiele aus dem Internet (nicht von der PONS Redaktion geprüft)Pumas und können sie sogar töten, obwohl das Maultier in dem Photo oben gerade einen toten Puma schleuderte.
Because males disperse farther than females and compete more directly for mates and territory, they are more likely to be involved in conflict.
Where a juvenile fails to leave his maternal range, for example, he may be killed by his father. The cougar is threatened by habitat loss , habitat fragmentation , and depletion of its prey base due to poaching.
In Florida, it is threatened by heavy traffic, which causes frequent fatal accidents involving cougars. Highways are a major barrier for dispersal of cougars.
Between one and four new individuals entering a population per decade markedly increases persistence, thus highlighting the importance of habitat corridors.
In the United States east of the Mississippi River , the only unequivocally known cougar population is the Florida panther. With the taxonomic uncertainty about its existence as a subspecies as well as the possibility of eastward migration of cougars from the western range, the subject remains open.
This uncertainty has been recognized by Canadian authorities. The Canadian federal agency called Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada rates its current data as "insufficient" to draw conclusions regarding the eastern cougar's survival and its website says that "despite many sightings in the past two decades from eastern Canada, there are insufficient data to evaluate the taxonomy or assign a status to this cougar.
Regulated cougar hunting is still common in the United States and Canada. Although cougars are protected from all hunting in the Yukon ; hunting is permitted in every U.
The cougar cannot be legally killed without a permit in California except under very specific circumstances, such as when a cougar is in act of pursuing livestock or domestic animals, or is declared a threat to public safety.
Texas is the only U. In Texas, the cougar is considered as nuisance wildlife and any person holding a hunting or a trapping permit can kill a cougar regardless of the season, number killed, sex or age of the animal.
The project aims at raising awareness of local people about the status and ecological role of the cougar, and mitigating conflict between landowners and cougars.
The pertinent North American subspecies is P. Due to the expanding human population , cougar ranges increasingly overlap with areas inhabited by humans.
Attacks on humans are very rare, as cougar prey recognition is a learned behavior and they do not generally recognize humans as prey.
Attacks are most frequent during late spring and summer, when juvenile cougars leave their mothers and search for new territory.
Between and , in North America there were 53 reported, confirmed attacks on humans, resulting in 48 nonfatal injuries and 10 deaths of humans the total is greater than 53 because some attacks had more than one victim.
Within North America, the distribution of attacks is not uniform. The heavily populated state of California saw a dozen attacks to after just three from to , including three fatalities.
As with many predators, a cougar may attack if cornered, if a fleeing human stimulates their instinct to chase, or if a person " plays dead ".
Standing still may cause the cougar to consider a person easy prey. Fighting back with sticks and rocks, or even bare hands, is often effective in persuading an attacking cougar to disengage.
When cougars do attack, they usually employ their characteristic neck bite, attempting to position their teeth between the vertebrae and into the spinal cord.
Neck, head, and spinal injuries are common and sometimes fatal. The same study showed the highest proportion of attacks to have occurred in British Columbia , particularly on Vancouver Island where cougar populations are especially dense.
There have sometimes been incidents of pet cougars mauling people. Research on new wildlife collars may be able to reduce human-animal conflicts by predicting when and where predatory animals hunt.
This may save the lives of humans, pets, and livestock as well as the lives of these large predatory mammals that are important to the balance of ecosystems.
Pumas in the Southern cone of America — often called Argentine cougars by North Americans — are reputed to be extremely reluctant to attack man; in legend, they defended people against jaguars.
Hudson, citing anecdotal evidence from hunters, claimed that pumas were positively inhibited from attacking people, even in self-defense. In fact, attacks on humans, although exceedingly rare, have occurred.
An early, authenticated, non-fatal case occurred near Lake Viedma , Patagonia in when a female mauled the Argentine scientist Francisco P.
Moreno ; Moreno afterwards showed the scars to Theodore Roosevelt. In this instance, however, Moreno had been wearing a guanaco -hide poncho round his neck and head as protection against the cold;  in Patagonia the guanaco is the puma's chief prey animal.
Forensic analysis found specimens of the child's hair and clothing fibers in the animal's stomach. Despite prohibitory signs, coatis are hand-fed by tourists in the park, causing unnatural approximation between cougars and humans.
This particular puma had been raised in captivity and released into the wild. Claw incisions, which severed a jugular vein, indicated that the attacker was a felid; differential diagnosis ruled out other possible perpetrators.
Fatal attacks by other carnivores such as feral dogs can be misattributed to pumas without appropriate forensic knowledge. During the early years of ranching, cougars were considered on par with wolves in destructiveness.
According to figures in Texas in , 86 calves 0. In both reports, sheep were the most frequently attacked. Some instances of surplus killing have resulted in the deaths of 20 sheep in one attack.
Coyotes also typically bite the throat but the work of a cougar is generally clean, while bites inflicted by coyotes and dogs leave ragged edges.
The size of the tooth puncture marks also helps distinguish kills made by cougars from those made by smaller predators. Remedial hunting appears to have the paradoxical effect of increased livestock predation and complaints of human-puma conflicts.
In a study the most important predictor of puma problems were remedial hunting of puma the previous year. Remedial hunting enables younger males to enter the former territories of the older animals.
Predation by cougars on dogs "is widespread, but occurs at low frequencies" . The grace and power of the cougar have been widely admired in the cultures of the indigenous peoples of the Americas.
The Inca city of Cusco is reported to have been designed in the shape of a cougar, and the animal also gave its name to both Inca regions and people.
The Moche people represented the puma often in their ceramics. To the Apache and Walapai of Arizona , the wail of the cougar was a harbinger of death.
In professional hockey, the cougar was used by two mid-western teams and one northwestern team. The Detroit Cougars were actually related to the Victoria Cougars of the Western Hockey League , which had won the Stanley Cup in , in that when the Victoria Cougars, which had operated as the Aristocrats from to and as the Cougars from to , disbanded in , the owners of the newly formed Detroit club purchased the rights to many of the players of the Victoria club and retained the Cougar nickname.
The University of Vermont also uses the mascot, but uses the term "catamount" instead of cougar, as was traditional in the region where the school is located.
The University of Pittsburgh in western Pennsylvania also uses the cougar as its sports mascot and for many other clubs and organizations, but also uses the locally preferred name, "panther", corresponding to nearby geographic features Panther Hollow and Panther Hollow Lake which were named that by , 24 years before the University selected the name for its teams.
Many high schools also use the cougar as their sports team mascot. The Carolina Panthers of the National Football League have a black cat on their uniforms as opposed to a brownish- or tawny-coloured cat so it is most often presumed to represent a black panther , the black melanistic phase of either the jaguar , which actually only lived in the far southwestern United States not the southeastern United States where Carolina is located, or the leopard of Africa and Asia.
Most sports team named the "Wildcats" use a logo similar to a bobcat, or in some cases in Canada, a lynx, names which are often used for sports teams in their own right.
By contrast, Wildcat Lager Beer brewed by Labatt, has always shown a picture of a cougar on its label. A pumapard is a hybrid animal resulting from a union between a puma and a leopard.
Whether born to a female puma mated to a male leopard or to a male puma mated to a female leopard, pumapards inherit a form of dwarfism. Those reported grew to only half the size of the parents.
They have a puma-like long body proportional to the limbs, but nevertheless shorter than either parent , but short legs.
The coat is variously described as sandy, tawny or greyish with brown, chestnut or "faded" rosettes.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 7 December Large species of the family Felidae native to the Americas.
For other uses, see Cougar disambiguation and Mountain lion disambiguation. Temporal range: 0. Conservation status.
Linnaeus , . Front paw print of a cougar. North American cougar cub at Malibu Springs. See also: List of fatal cougar attacks in North America.
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Die Kampagne war so umstritten, dass sie eingestellt wurde. A Research Note. Mai ]. A Research Note Memento des Originals vom Firefly Books Ltd.
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